Jute is a long, Shiny plant base fibre that can be spun into coarse as well as strong threads. It is totally Eco-friendly and biodegradable product. It is a rain-fed crop which is cultivated without the need of any chemical fertilizer or pesticides. It is mainly cultivated in the eastern part of India and Bangladesh. It is natural fibre with golden & silky colour and hence it's called "Golden Fibre". This is the cheapest fibre which is procured from the bast of the plant's stem. Once the crop has been harvested, the fibres are separated from the woody central core by "retting"-a process consisting of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low running water in canal. The fibrous outer of the plant is then removed and allowed for drying. Once the jute fibres have been dried and are graded according to colour, then processed and spun into yarn which is suitable for weaving.
It has high tensile strength & low extensibility.
This is the second most important fibre after cotton, in terms of usage, production & availability.
Jute is popular in the name of hessian or burlap in US and Canada. Gunny is another name heavy jute fabrics.
Jute Has Many Excellent Benefits:
* Grown without Pesticides
* High Tensile Strength
* Jute fibre is highly breathable
* No effect on human skin
* Can be dyed by Basic, Vat & Reactive dyes.
* Heavy Weight and Durable
* Antistatic Properties
* 100% Sustainable & Biodegradable